This is my first “Monthly Monday Musings” post. Around breakfast time on the last Monday of each month, I will share something I have been looking at in my spare time.
Between them, the two world wars were responsible for millions of deaths both those in the army, navy and airforce as well as civilians. It is a topic that many children do not know much about although it is taught in many schools around the world. This post contains a general overview to both the world wars and the inter-war years.
World War I occurred from 1914 until 1918. World War II occurred between 1939 and 1945. The period between the wars (the interwar years) was a time of economic prosperity as well as the Great Depression.
World War I started after Austrian arch-Duke Franz Ferdinand was shot by a Serbian nationalist. This led to Austria invading Serbia and treaties among different countries in Europe led to most of Europe and their colonies taking sides in the battle. The two main fighting parties in World War I were the Allies (Britain, France, Russia) and the central powers (Austria, Germany). The Australian’s battle at Gallipoli began on the 25th April 1915. At Gallipoli, Simpson and his donkey travelled around the battlefields, collecting the wounded to take to a hospital.
World War I was the first war to use aircraft for fighting, which became essential in World War II as countries around the world built up their airforces.
The Treaty of Versailles was signed on the 28th June, 1919 limiting the power of Germany. It also included plans for a “League of Nations” (which led to the United Nations in 1945) which was formed in an attempt to prevent worldwide war from occurring again.
Between World War I and World War II (the Interwar Years), society looked for ways to have fun. This resulted in new forms of entertainment such as jazz and movies with sound.
World War II started after Germany invaded Poland. After the Treaty of Versailles, Germany had many restrictions placed upon them and they were already a crippled nation by the start of the Great Depression, Hitler came to power with promises of restoring Germany to its former glory. World War II was fought between the Allies (Britain, France) and the Axis (Germany, Russia). During the Battle of Britain, thousands of soldiers were evacuated from French shores due to hundreds of boats which had gathered overnight. The Holocaust, where millions of Jews were killed, occurred during World War II took place in countries occupied by the Germans.