One of my favourite periods of history is Tudor England. Over the next few months I would like to share some of that knowledge with other people who share my interests or might be interested in learning more. This month’s post provides a brief amount of information on the Tudors who sat on the English throne from the late 1400s to the early 1600s and some of the reasons why they reigned.
The House of York (red roses) and the House of Lancaster (white roses) had been fighting for years over the right to rule England in a war called ‘The War of the Roses’. In 1485 Henry VII became the first Tudor king and in 1486 he married Elizabeth of York to stop fighting between the Yorks and the Lancasters.
Henry VIII was the second son born to Henry VII and Elizabeth of York and was the second Tudor king. He became heir to the English throne after his elder brother, Arthur, died leaving Catherine of Aragon a widow. In 1509 Henry had his coronation and married his brother’s widow Catherine of Aragon. The two were greatly loved by the English people. Over the next three and a half decades Henry married five more times for a range of reasons varying from the desire for an heir, for love and for political alliances. Through these six wives, Henry had three children who survived infancy – Mary, Elizabeth and Edward. Each of these children would ascend the English throne before the end of the 16th century.